Interview with Mr. Maouelainin Ben Khalihanna Maouelainin, Secretary General of the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs, in the political broadcasting of Aswat Radio “Al mawïïd Assiassi”.The broadcasting is prepared and presented by : Nouzha Lamghari.
Welcome to the audience in this weekly live broadcasting from Aswat Radio “Al mawïïd Assiassi”. Today our broadcasting will shed light on the role of the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs (CORCAS) as well as its efficiency in handling the Sahara issue. Does the CORCAS participate in the southern provinces development and what is its added value vis-à-vis the Manhasset negotiations?
No need to present the Advisory Council, chaired by Mr. Khalihenna Ould Errachid. However, we could remind the audience about its main missions.
The Royal Advisory Council was created in March 2006 and its members were appointed by His Majesty the King Mohammed VI.
Its main mission lies in defending the Moroccan aspect of the Sahara, negotiating the autonomy project with the Polisario, participating in the economic and social development of the southern provinces and preserving the cultural particularity of the Sahara as part of the national identity.
In order to better carry out its mission, the CORCAS was granted important prerogatives. It is thus consulted in the main matters relating to Saharan affairs and its role consists in human rights strengthening in respect with law sovereignty, as well as in the return and integration of the confiscated Moroccans in Tindouf.
In our broadcasting today, we have the pleasure to welcome the Secretary General of the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs, Dr. Maouelainin Ben Khalihanna Maouelainin who held down different positions, including the Governor of Safi, Taroudant, Hajeb and Larache.
Dr. Maouelainin, welcome to our broadcasting “Al mawïïd Assiassi”, I would like to indicate that I emphasized on the title of Dr. as I know that you prize it.
Dr. Maouelainin Ben Khalihanna Maouelainin : Thank you
N.L: Dear audience, your participation in this broadcasting is welcomed through the questions you would ask our guest via the number 022772424. This is a live broadcasting on Aswat, in partnership with “Al Ahdath Al Maghribia” Newspaper represented by the journalist Rachid Afif.
R.A: Good evening
Let me remind our listeners who would like to participate in this broadcasting through questions that our number is 022772424.
After two years of existence, what is your evaluation, Mr. Maouelainin, of the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs’ performance?
Dr. M.B.K: Thank you Mrs. Nezha
N.L: You are welcome
Dr. M.B.K: As you mentioned it earlier, different missions were allotted to the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs founded in March 25th by His Majesty. Three of these missions are urgent:
The first mission consists in reconciling the people of the region among themselves and with the administration. In this respect, you know that the first achieved step, upon the request of Mr. Khalihenna Ouled Rachid, President of the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs, is the pardon granted to 46 prisoners who were considered political detainees in the southern region.
Reconciliation has effectively taken place among all the people. In this regard, the Council paid visits to the southern region and held meetings in Smara, Guelmim, Tan Tan, Laâyoune, Dakhla, Boujdour, Awserd in order to explain the main idea behind the Council creation, which is the achievement of autonomy in our southern regions.
So, first thing was the reconciliation and then His Majesty’s Instructions relating to the autonomy project on which we worked during the extraordinary session which started on May 26th, 2006 and was closed on December 6th, 2006. A colossal work, in which participated 141 members of the CORCAS, led to the submission of a project to His Majesty who supported it. This project known as the Moroccan autonomy initiative was presented and explained at the national and international level.
Concerning the region, there are problems existing since 30 years as the management was not satisfactory. We resolved most of the social issues, the most important one relates to phosphate workers suffering since 25 years. An issue having been finally resolved thanks to His Majesty’s instructions. Housing is another delicate issue which we dealt with. Government program foresaw a solution by the year 2012 for those who lived in “Al wahda” camps, but we suggested a national and global operation in order to create nearly 20 000 equipped lots so as to definitely solve this problem.
Yesterday, we started the allotment of these lots and thanks God, in less than one year, this huge work was achieved. There was also the issue of the youth and the critical problem of those who returned to Morocco for which we presented some solutions, without forgetting the serious problem of the 40 teachers inherited from the colonial system.
Hence, this kind of social issues inherited from the thirty years of poor management were dealt with upon proposals submitted to His Majesty, and pursuant to His High Instructions implemented by the Government.
N.L: Yes, Mr. Rachid Afif.
R.A: Good evening Mr. Maouelainin, always regarding the evaluation of the work achieved by the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs, we notice that despite its participation in the development of the autonomy project and in the resolution of the phosphate workers’ issue, works are somehow slow-moving, since during two years, only two sessions were held with an average of one session per year. Would that mean that the Council opts for field work instead of holding meetings?
Dr. M.B.K: It’s a relative slowness because if we compare the achieved work and the time of achievement, we will notice that a huge work was accomplished. When the Council was created, there were so many problems in our southern provinces, there was also what the Polisario called stone children revolution or revolt. We found out that this reaction was the result of social problems mainly.
We worked on the national and international level. We explained to the people that the solution proposed by His Majesty is the only solution which would put an end to this issue. We explained also that these existing problems are social and economic problems and not political ones, and we proceeded, as I said, in their resolution step by step. These problems were classified in 12 categories most of which were resolved and you could examine one by one.
At the international level, there was some obstruction to the problem of Morocco. The whole world believed that the Polisario was the sole and legitimate representative of the Sahrawi people in the international arena. Upon His Majesty’s instructions, we paid visits to some countries like France, Spain, USA and explained our point of view, confirming that the majority of the Sahrawi people live in the southern regions and are convinced of their territorial integrity and that the legitimate representatives of this population are the CORCAS rather than the Polisario.
All this, of course, while preparing the autonomy project which is not an easy job especially since the problem is quite complicated. We had no case history at the national level, nor at the Arabic or Islamic level. During our visits to Spain, France and the USA, we have noticed that there are different ways to proceed in this autonomy project.
But the work was done solely by members of the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs, who worked in silence and rigor, I say it quite frankly, and all the interventions, on this subject, of the members of the Council are recorded in video, image and sound, and were, of course, submitted to His Majesty the King, God Glorifies Him, with the autonomy project we developed.
Our job was a difficult job. At the international level, there is an important point, our enemies are making false propaganda through the Internet, a network that everyone consults. This is why we have set up a whole network, the only one, at the national level, to be done in eight languages. It also contains six sites, the CORCAS site, the Sahara site, the Sahara Culture site, Social Sahara, Sahara Development. All these sites are functional and you can consult them. This network is of the same quality as international ones, it was not easy to achieve it, and yet it was accomplished in record time.
N.L: Yes, Mr Maoulainine, we have several phone calls, but I don’t think time will allow us to take them all, we will take Mr. Abdelmajid from Rabat. Hello
N.L: Go ahead, Sir, do you have a question?
Abdelmajid: Yes, good evening Dr. Maoulainine.
Dr. M.B.K: Good evening.
Abdelmajid: I am Warithi Abdelmajid, President of "Ribat Arramz" Association specialized in the collection of postage stamps.
N.L: Yes, go ahead.
Abdelmajid: Our association was behind the stamps issued on the occasion of the 31st anniversary of the Green March, in which was illustrated the royal visit to the southern provinces, Mohammed VI Mosque in Boujdour City, and we, here, ask Dr. Maoulainine, if it is possible for CORCAS to take in charge cultural activities that could focus more on our request concerning our recovered lands.
N.L: Thank you Abdelmajid from Rabat. Yes Mr. Maoulainine.
Dr. M.B.K: Thank you Mr. Abdelmajid for your intervention. For cultural activities in the southern regions, as you have noticed it, this year in particular, there is the Festival of Dakhla, did you see it?
N.L: We ensure its media coverage.
Dr. M.B.K: A festival in Laâyoune, another for camel, the festival of the orphan, the festival of Smara, the Festival of Tan Tan, which is one of the first festivals to be organized. There are several festivals proving that the region lives in security and stability and that it has become a creative one with regard to cultural and social activities, following the development experienced by other provinces of the Kingdom. And we, in all cases, are encouraging all those who want to accomplish such kind of work.
N.L: Yes, go ahead Rachid Afifi.
R.A: Still within the context of the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs’ work, as we know, there are thematic committees that were created during the Council establishment, but it is abnormal that these committees are not functioning up to now. To what extent is this information true and what is the outcome of these committees’ work?
Dr. M.B.K: As you know, the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs works upon His Majesty’s instructions, and since it is a Royal Advisory Council, it cannot lose time dealing with trivial matters. We do the work which should be done by the committees. As far as human rights are concerned, for example, we made a colossal work with the CORCAS in Geneva, and at all levels, and whenever it is necessary and there is a royal project, committees prepare the ground but within the Council.
Dr. M.B.K: The work we did with regard to housing is related to social affairs, and it was treated by the Council and its social committee. This is what happened during the session where we were able to find employment for 4000 young people in the region, through small partnerships in sea activities or the so-called inshore fishing.
So, this work is carried out whenever there is an initiative and ideas to be implemented, but holding "meetings for the sake of meetings” is a method that we do not accept, we would like our work to have concrete effects on people.
N.L: Mr. Maoulainine, we proceed to the second axis which is the Sahara issue, one of the priorities of the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs. What are the means you use to communicate or seek common agreement ground with enemies so as to break this deadlock?
Dr. M.B.K: You know Mrs. Nezha that people in the camps are completely isolated except those that Algeria and the Polisario want to leave out. Communication with them, either from our part or from the CORCAS President, is a daily communication and continues to convince them that there could be no solution to the Sahara conflict other than the solution of autonomy, and that any other solution would be a delirium.
N.L: This is the point that I would ask you to clarify, Mr. Maoulainine. Is the peole living in camps aware that they should choose between joining the motherland or remain forever in Tindouf?
Dr. M.B.K: Yes, absolutely, the people are in front of two choices: either choose autonomy as a means to live in dignity, under the territorial integrity of Morocco, and this is the only solution, or choose to remain in Tindouf. And they are aware of this choice today, since the Gjijimat Conference held at the end of last year, in parallel with what the Polisario called their twelfth summit.
This conference was organized by a group of Moroccan heroes who wished to remind the Sahrawis who were in conflict, either as individuals or as groups, that Morocco, their homeland, is clement and merciful.
Whenever a Sahrawi returned to Morocco, he declared having been in error. When the population considered the autonomy proposal, it was convinced that it is the only solution. It did a great job concerning the points controlled by the Polisario in the Tindouf region.
When the latter held its conference in Tifariti, it also held its summit in Gjijimat, about 22 km from Tifariti, and has openly declared to be with autonomy. The majority of this population is made up of military heroes, members of the armed Polisario Front, notable tribal sheikhs. All these people confirmed having been in error, and recognized that their ideas were not serving the interests of citizens and Sahrawis.
They bore travel tiredness in order to express their wish to return to their country so as to participate in the autonomy project. This proves that communication with people in camps is fruitful, besides the regional television channel picked up by 70% of the population in camps. This channel shows them the truth in our southern regions which is different from what is claimed by the enemies of our territorial integrity.
N.L: Yes, Rachid Afif.
R.A: Mr. Maoulainine, if people in Tindouf camps have only two solutions, either remain in Tondouf camps, or return to the southern provinces, don’t you think that the program concerning family visits exchange, telephone communications and mail correspondence, as part of the measures to be taken in order to build confidence, as agreed upon with the United Nations, eliminate the stress experienced in camps and soothes anger, or perhaps even the revolution, and gives the Polisario an outlet for rejecting this proposal?
N.L: Or perhaps the opposite.
Dr. M.B.K: Of course, this is called the elements to create confidence, which were presented by the UN obviously pushed by those whom you know and we know. Our communication aims at making a choice between the two, and the Moroccan initiative is based on the UN request to find a political solution that would be accepted by all parties, and the solution is the autonomy that we are explaining to citizens, and presenting as a single solution.
That's what we said in Manhasset, and we'll talk about it thereafter. But all those who are listening to us must keep in mind that the Moroccan sovereignty is not subject to discussion. When we were colonized, there was a kind of protectorate in Morocco and Morocco has never lost its sovereignty. There was an administration which left, but the Moroccan sovereignty has remained. This is what we explain to all those who want to listen to us.
We believe, within the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs, that these visits taking place today could have been avoided, and in this way, there would remain only one solution to the people of Tindouf camps which is the definitive return to the motherland, as these visits have become almost a breath of fresh air for them, an outlet to the enemy allowing it to continue forever, knowing that most of those who come for visits are spies of the enemy and Algeria.
But in all cases, we are convinced that these visits will be outdated one day because, by then, most of the people would have returned to the motherland, and communication would be done otherwise.
R.A: Still within this context, do you expect a near return of a new group from Tindouf camps?
Dr.M.B.K: Of course, Gjijimat 1 will be followed, Inchaa Allah, by Gjijimat 2, 3 and 4 until the drain is stopped, because this is the only way. Moreover, people are fed up with begging international organizations, they no longer want to be a means of enrichment for others, they rather wish to find a way out of this deadlock, but of course, with dignity, and guarantees that they will be able to live in good conditions as they have always hoped, so they can recover what they lost during the past 30 years.
N.L: I remind our listeners that the phone number of the broadcasting is 022772424, I repeat 022772424, if you have any questions for our guest Dr. Maoulainine, Secretary General of the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs.
Dr. Maoulainine, Is there a strategy that was developed in order to integrate the sahrawis returning to the motherland?
Dr. M.B.K: Obviously, as I said before, the previous governments did not have a strategy for integrating the Sahrawis returning to the homeland, knowing that so far more than 4700 Sahrawis returned to Morocco, and the problem was resolved 100% for more than 2500 people.
N.L: Meaning, what resolved the problem?
Dr. M.O.K: Setting up a strategy.
N.L: But we would like to know the steps you followed to resolve the issue.
Dr. M.B.K: Since the establishment of the Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs, it made proposals in this respect to His Majesty, who gave His High Instructions to create a national committee which will work reasonably and logically, with the government, for the integration of those already back, and receive on the borders those arriving, and place them in a decent place before providing them with houses.
N.L: A hotel, for example?
Dr. M.B.K: Yes, a hotel for example, until some houses are built for them so that they can live in dignity in their region. This is what we will do Inchaa Allah
N.L: This is what we call integration?
Dr. M.B.K: Of course.
NL: This is what we call integration?
Dr. M.B.K: Integrating those who returned from Gjijimat. For the others, we will gradually solve their problems. There are, among them, those who are back for a long time and whose problems are not resolved yet, due to the lack of an example to follow, and a method reserved for the treatment of this issue.
N.L: Why, then, this issue has not been given priority?
Dr. M.B.K: Because the political conditions in which we are living today require that we respond, first, to the request of those who are keen to return to their motherland and whose lives are in danger as they cannot return to Tindouf camps for fear of being tortured or even killed.
So, we were obliged to receive them in the light of the dangers to which they were exposed, but the method and strategy we have adopted will solve the old problems, too.
N.L: Did they succeed in getting quickly adapted to the rest of the population?
Dr. M.B.K: Of course, integration takes time, and it is only 4 or 5 weeks they are living among them, in a convenient place. Every day, there are receptions in their honor, organized by the Saharan tribes to welcome them. They themselves say they are in good conditions and wish only the arrival of their families who are still in camps.
R.A: Still within the context of the Sahrawis’ return to the motherland, has the Advisory Council developed a strategy to attract more Sahrawis by sending them messages directly to the camps, and what are the means used in this context?
Dr. M.B.K: There are different ways of doing it. Of course there are personal and confidential methods, and the CORCAS President makes efforts to attract the majority of those who are convinced that the political solution which is autonomy is the only solution to the Sahara conflict.
Of course, there are normal methods, as I said earlier, the internet network that we have created and which is received by all the population in the camps. It is a network that explains the problem since its inception, provides solutions and shows people the truth.
For example, if we take the site of Moroccan cities, there are people who have not seen the Saharan cities since they had left. Boujdour was just a minaret overlooking the sea, now it's a big city. We show these pictures as well as pictures reflecting all social projects that took place during the 30 years, which made of a city like Laâyoune a city at the same level as major cities in Morocco, if not better concerning cleanliness, projects and the work being done.
The network serves to make known realities, projects and the colossal work carried out by the Kingdom of Morocco, and it is thanks to it that people become aware of what happens.
There is also the regional television channel which is doing a great job, showing people the freedom they have and the work done by the local authorities and by the State.
So, all this goes hand in hand with the method adopted to solve the problem and which is completely the opposite of what is claimed by our enemies, i.e. people live isolated, marginalized, and the truth is not that at all. Thanks to this method, awareness becomes larger in the camps, something of which the Polisario Front is precisely afraid.
N.L. : Dr. Maoulainine, let’s take Ibrahim from Casablanca. Ibrahim, welcome.
Ibrahim: Thank you, Madam.
N.L. : Go ahead, ask your question
Ibrahim: Concerning the problem, I remain convinced that it will be resolved and I am very optimistic about that.
N.L. : This is what we hope, too.
Ibrahim: It will be resolved, but we would have lost time at the Arab Maghreb level, and we would have also missed opportunities. We would not want to be in a situation as it was well described by the African to the European: "you, you have the hour and we, we have time."
N.L. : Yes
Ibrahim: We say that we, Moroccans, we have the hour and our enemies have time.
N.L. : Your question please.
Ibrahim: My question is that until now, we hear discussions at the political level in order to achieve a political solution, is there a parallel economic mobilization, as we have, in the Arab Maghreb, potential for a common market?
N.L. : I think the political solution hinders the economic solution, but I leave the floor to Dr. Maoulainine, to see if there is an economic aspect going hand in hand with the political one, go ahead Dr.
Thank you Ibrahim.
Dr. M.B.K: Thank you Mr. Ibrahim. It is certain that the Sahara issue was, since it existence, beneficial for no party, and all those who are behind the continuation of this conflict are only delaying an important project that could have resolved all the problems being experienced in this part of the Arab Maghreb.
The Arab Maghreb has potentialities, these countries have much in common and can be complementary with each other and create a united entity that could face Europe or the United States, or any other international institutions, and open up opportunities for economic work in this part of the world.
The Sahara conflict has then delayed this work, and we say that the solution proposed by Morocco goes in this direction because it could offer the Arab Maghreb countries an opportunity to create, live complementarily and solve their problems. These are countries which enjoy a degree of complementarity at the economic, social and political level and could make a great leap forward immediately after the resolution of this issue.
Regarding the southern regions, their economy is very prosperous, they have large projects such as those existing in Casablanca and elsewhere. With the resolution of social problems, particularly housing, the southern region will become an example in fighting slums’ existence.
We work in a progressive manner towards the final resolution of this problem.
N.L. : Indeed, we attended a press conference of Mr Taoufiq Hjira, Minister of Housing who launched the project of economic apartments that cost 14 million centimes, and this project will begin in Assa Zak, Tan Tan, i.e. the southern provinces. This proves, Mr Ibrahim, that the economic process is not hindered due to a political crisis, on the contrary economic development in the southern provinces is going on. Go ahead Mr Rachid, you have a question?
R.A. : Regarding the political aspect, we have to discuss the results of the 4th round of Manhasset negotiations, which ended last month. So far, 4 rounds have been held, and it seems that the Polisario Front and Algeria are trying, from one round to another, to trivialize the autonomy project presented by Morocco and to consider it part of the history of conflict and solutions that were presented before. Are members of the Moroccan delegation, to which you belong, aware of this trap in which the Moroccan proposal can be dropped?
Dr. M.B.K. : The Polisario delegation takes part in the negotiations by proxy of Algeria. Algeria is constantly repeating that it has absolutely nothing to do with this conflict, but unfortunately all it has done since 1975 contradicts completely this statement. I give a very simple example: in 1975, when Morocco launched the Green March, the negative reaction of Algeria is summarized in the expulsion of 52000 Moroccan from the northern region.
When Morocco signed the agreement by which it recovered the southern region, Algeria created what is called the Polisario Front, and carried on after the constitution of the Republic when Morocco launched the referendum requested by His Majesty in 1981.
It has even imposed this entity within the African Union Organization, which led Morocco to quit the AUO. When Morocco accepted the first Baker agreement, it proposed the cession. When we talked about the autonomy project launched by His Majesty, it opposed it without knowing its contents. We know all that and it looks for ending such projects, and the proof is its rejection of the request recently made by Morocco, concerning the opening of borders, while it said that the Sahara conflict is in the hands of the United Nations, and that we have to resolve bilateral issues separately.
In any case, this is their method of work and manoeuvre that we know and Morocco will make its deductions after the 4th round.
N.L.: But can we consider this a winning card for Morocco?
Dr.M.B.K: Of course! The United Nations asked the concerned parties to present a political solution for this deadlock issue. Morocco has presented this project which was submitted for discussion. All important countries at the international level, have confirmed the effectiveness and seriousness of this proposal, which could be the solution to the conflict.
What we have said to the Polisario Front and all its allies, in Manhasset, is what we will keep always repeating, which is the fact that they should not dream of what they call “their republic". Morocco could discuss everything except its sovereignty over the Sahara since 14th centuries, since Moulay Idriss I up to now.
This point is not subject to discussion. If they accept this principle, they would have obviously realized that the solution comes through negotiations, otherwise, Morocco will take the necessary steps.
N.L. : Is there a deadline for those who wish to return to the motherland, to use pressure and finish with this problem?
Dr. M.B.K: In any case, we began negotiations under the United Nations auspices, and the UN never tires of negotiations.
N.L. : I mean, the more pressure you use, the more Algeria would be in a difficult situation.
Dr. M.B.K: We do not use pressure, we tell and we show the truth. We provide solutions. We did progress the issue when it was in a status quo for 30 years and we have proposed a reasonable solution that satisfies all the Sahrawis, solves their problems with the Moroccan administration, satisfies the Moroccan people who will preserve its sovereignty and territorial integrity, and the UN, as it will present a solution to an issue, and will also satisfy the Sahrawis in camps, and of course, it was supposed to satisfy Algeria if it really sought the interest of the Sahrawis, and if really, as it has always said, has no relation with this issue.
So we have enough time to wait for the camp population to be aware that the only possible solution is autonomy and we remain optimistic that it will realize this Inchaa Allah.
N.L. : Rachid Afif
R.A. : Mr Maoulainine, is it not a question of lack of confidence from the other party in this Moroccan project? Don’t you think that the Polisario members could believe that this project is henceforth only a manoeuvre and that Morocco is not serious in what it presents?
Dr. M.B.K. : Yes, they keep rumoring that about our Kingdom, but this autonomy project is not a separate case, it constitutes a part of the reforms witnessed by Morocco since His Majesty’s enthronement, May God Glorifies Him.
Reforms related to the democratic field, including reconciliation with the past, the social field, especially issues related to the family code, an economic revolution at the national level, from north to south, rare in its kind, in a country like Morocco, which has no resources except human potential. And the autonomy project is part of all these reforms and seeks to resolve a problem which has lasted 30 years.
The solution proposed by Morocco is a solution that satisfies all the Sahrawis, and why not, as the Sahrawis who live in Morocco are the ones who have prepared and submitted the project to His Majesty, who approved it.
It is then a project proposed by the Sahrawis for the sake of Sahrawis, and hence it comes from reality.
Secondly, His Majesty has said that this project concerns the Sahrawis only and respects their particularity and they themselves realize that the promises are kept, because those who returned back to Gjijimat clearly see it.
Therefore, the image of Morocco as a State which does not fulfill its promises, has been vanished with the colossal work carried out by His Majesty.
N.L. : Dr. Maoulainine, what is your point of view concerning the 5th round of Manhasset negotiations?
Dr. M.B.K : We hope that the Polisario will change its extremist position so that we can discuss the content of the issue. For us, all past rounds are the same, the one and almost single positive point is the fact of being around a table and be able to say to the Polisario Front, in front of witnesses from the UN, who thought that the Polisario was the sole representative of the Saharawi people, that the problem is not, as claimed the Polisario, a problem of colonization, but rather a political problem.
Morocco has proposed a remarkable solution that satisfies more than 80% of the Sahrawis. If they want to progress, they must change their behaviour and become more realistic. But as you know, the Polisario Front is a whole front in its own way of governing since its existence.
It did not believe in negotiations while the latter can only succeed when both parties are acting in good faith and both convinced of the negotiations principles which require concessions.
Morocco has, on its part, made concessions about the full integration it had called for and offered autonomy in its most developed aspects as it has been applied in Catalonia in Spain. So, Morocco has made concessions while the Polisario has made no step forward. It needs to reconsider its position and language but I doubt that such fronts can be capable of such a behavior.
Source : Corcas
- News concerning the Western Sahara issue/Corcas -