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Saturday, November 25, 2017
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The government council meeting on Thursday adopted two draft laws and draft decree relating to the Moroccan maritime domain, in order to cement Moroccan legal guardianship over its waters and cut the way to all the allegations calling into question the sovereignty of Morocco over its space.


Presented by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, these texts aim to include maritime space facing the coasts of the Moroccan Sahara to cement the legal guardianship of Morocco over these waters and block the road to all the allegations calling into question the sovereignty of the Kingdom over this space, said the minister in charge of relations with the parliament and civil society, spokesman of the government, Mustapha El Khalfi.


They also aim at updating and completing the geographical coordinates for the baselines and closure lines of bays on the basis of new scientific data so as to enable Morocco to delimit its territorial waters to be consistent with the provisions of the international law, with a view to filing final application for the extension of continental plateau.


These texts also aim to delimit the exclusive economic zone off the coasts of the southern provinces and incorporate it clearly into the national legal frame. It is also necessary to repeal the use of the median line as the only benchmark for the demarcation of maritime borders and introduce the principle of equity which is more in line with the interests of Morocco and more compatible with international law.


The Governing Council thus adopted Bill 37-17 amending and supplementing the Dahir laying down the territorial sea boundary, law 1-73-211 Moharrem 26, 1393 (March 2, 1973).


This project aims to adapt the amended and supplemented text to the provisions of the United Nations Convention, adopted in Monte-go Bay in 1982, which will allow Morocco, through the use of sophisticated technologies, to carry out technical operations relating to the delimitation of baselines off the territorial sea of Morocco, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf.


This text has a sovereign dimension, since it integrates maritime space facing the coasts of the Moroccan Sahara into the national legal frame.


The Government Council also adopted Bill 38-17 amending and supplementing Law 1.18 establishing an exclusive economic zone 200 nautical miles off the coast of Morocco.




This bill can be a basis for any negotiation on any agreement. It also stipulates that the title of Law 1.18 should be renamed as Law 1.18 on the exclusive economic zone and continental plateau of the Kingdom of Morocco.


The Council also adopted draft Decree 2-17-349 amending and supplementing Decree 2-75-311 of Rajab 11, 1395 (July 21, 1975) determining the lines of closure of bays on the Moroccan coasts and geographical coordinates of the Moroccan territorial waters and exclusive economic zone.


This text takes into account the new provisions introduced by the Dahir laying down the territorial sea boundary, laying down the law 1-73-211 of 26 moharrem 1393 (2 March 1973).


This draft stipulates the change of the title of the said decree, henceforth determining coordinates of the baselines used for the delimitation of the line of the outer limit of the Moroccan territorial sea.


-News on Western Sahara issue/ Corcas

 

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