In his last report to the Security Council on the Sahara, the UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, requested complete and immediate withdrawal of Polisario from the Guerguerat buffer zone.
Mr Guterres acknowledged that this situation could "lead to the collapse of the ceasefire" and create a "dangerous impact" on the security and stability of the entire region.
The problem of Guerguerat is now a problem between Polisario and the UN Security Council.
In this report, which clearly underlines Algeria's responsibility in this dispute, saying that Alger is called upon to make an important contribution to the negotiating process, the Secretary General recalls the validity of the parameters defined by the Council since 2007 to achieve a mutually acceptable political solution.
According to Guterres, negotiations must be conducted in good faith, taking into account developments since 2006, the importance of realism and spirit of compromise in the negotiations, the need for the parties to demonstrate political will to enter into substantial and intensive negotiations calling on the States of the region to cooperate with each other and with the United Nations to achieve progress in the negotiations.
The UN head intends to propose a new diplomatic solution and promotes a "new momentum" and "new spirit" to resolve this conflict.
In this report, Mr. Guterres also recommends the extension of the mandate of Minurso for 12 months until April 30, 2018.
The report refers to Morocco's decision to authorize the return of 17 civilian officials from Minurso and its cooperation with the United Nations to finalize the case.
The Secretary-General referred to several passages in the speech of King Mohammed VI, commemorating the 41st anniversary of the Green March, on 6 November 2016, in which the Sovereign said that "our southern provinces ... are strong through the attachment of their inhabitants to their Moroccan identity and political system of their country ".
In this Royal address, Guterres report continues, the King welcomed the fact that the southern provinces, thanks to their development model and projects launched, have become "a center of integrated development acting in its regional and continental environment, and an axis for economic cooperation between Morocco and its African depth ".
Moreover, the report goes back to the parliamentary elections of October 7, 2016, stressing that this popular consultation was held "without incident".
-News on Western Sahara issue/ Corcas-