The Moroccan people and national movement, resistance and the army of liberation celebrate with pride, the 77th anniversary of the presentation of the Manifesto of Independence on 11 January 1944, an occasion to revive the history of the struggle for the recovery of independence.
The commemoration of this historic and significant event, deeply rooted in the memory of all Moroccans, also offers a valuable opportunity to explore, once more, the culture of belonging and devotion to the Nation among the younger generations.
The High Commission of former resistance fighters and members of the Liberation Army noted in a statement on the occasion, that this anniversary is the most glorious epic of national struggle for freedom, independence, territorial integrity and national sovereignty, rooted in the national memory. It is a reminder of the noble symbols and deeper meaning to successive generations, as embodying the national consciousness and strength of the cohesion of the throne and the people in the defense of religious and national sacred values for a better future.
In celebrating this historic event, anchored in their memory, Moroccans are loyal to national heros of the resistance and liberation and the glorious epic of this nation, in a high national spirit and a sincere belief in the legitimacy of their cause , expressing the hope of liberation of their country through their sacrifice in order to free themselves from the yoke of colonialism and regain their dignity.
Morocco, through its secular history and thanks to determination, defended its existence, its components, its identity and unity. It spared no effort to preserve its unity, by sacrificing and opposing the colonizer who conquered the entire country since the beginning of last century, it has divided into spheres of influence in the french protectorate in central Morocco, the Spanish protectorate in the north and in the south, while Tangier fell within an international system.
This division and fragmentation of the country, said the High Commissioner, made it difficult for national liberation. The throne and people that sacrificed themselves in the context of a multifaceted struggle lengthy for freedom and liberation from the yoke of colonialism.
In addition to the popular uprisings to the bloodshed in the Middle Atlas and the north and south, one should fail to report the steps in the political struggle against the colonial Dahir of May 16, 1930, the presentation of the manifesto reform and the urgent demands of the Moroccan people in 1934 and 1936 and the submission of the manifesto of independence January 11, 1944.
The historical stages in the reign of the late King Mohammed V, namely his ascent to the throne November 18, 1927, where he was symbol of the king of resistance and self-sacrifice, embodying the belief of his people in the liberation and desire for independence and the claims of the Moroccan people in favor of freedom and independence, expressing in his historical speech his desire to protect the sacredness of the nation against all attempts related in defiance of the Moroccan national identity.
The march of the national struggle continued under the leadership of His Majesty the late King Mohammed V, who took the opportunity of holding the Anfa historic peak in January 1943 to submit the question of the independence of Morocco and setting term of the Protectorate, supporting Morocco's efforts towards in their fight against Nazism and the liberation of Europe. In this context, US President Franklin Roosevelt said that the Moroccan claims of independence and freedom are reasonable and legitimate.
Given the principle of the right of peoples to self-determination, the nature and content of the Moroccan claims have changed and they passed the reforms to the plaintiff's right to independence.
This change has had an impact on the relationship between the Protectorate and the national movement whose heroes of the liberation fire His Majesty King Mohammed V embodied a strong faith and strong commitment in compliance with national principles.
In this context, contacts and meetings between the Royal Palace and nationalists intensified and the initiative of the presentation of the manifesto of independence, under the direction and in cohesion with His Majesty the late King Mohammed V, emerged, nationalists made the preparation of this historical document in coordination with its majesty and consensus to its content.
The political cleverness of his Majesty has enriched the historical document with his ideas and instructions, able to adapt to all social classes and all parts of the political and geographical map of Morocco. It was presented after its finalization, and a copy was sent to the consular services of the United States and Britain as well as the Soviet Union at that time.
The independence manifesto contained a number of political demands, some of them are related to the policy (to ensure the independence of Morocco under the leadership of the country's rightful king Sidi Mohamed Ben Youssef, pay interest to the independence and accession of Morocco to the member states of the charter of the Atlantic Ocean and the participation in the summit of reconciliation), and some of them are related to domestic policy (Morocco's reform movement and the establishment of a political system similar advisory system in Arab and Islamic countries in the Middle East where the rights and obligations of all categories and classes of the Moroccan people will be protected.)
The independence manifesto was in its historical and situational context a national revolution par excellence. It reflects the awareness of Moroccans and maturity. It demonstrated their ability and willingness to defend their legitimate rights, uphold their destiny and managed their business, while mentioning not to leave post and continue the march of struggle in resistance against foreign powers until victory prevails thanks to the glorious epic of the throne and the people.
The High Commissioner said in this regard that the family of the national movement of resistance and liberation army, commemorating the 77th anniversary of the presentation of the independence manifesto, aims to shed light on the national epics of their heroes and the glories of the Moroccan nation, as evidenced by the history of glorious battles and teach lessons to future generations and young people, for the protection of national memory, according to the instructions of His Majesty the King Mohammed VI, who insisted on more than one occasion to pay more attention to the history of the nation and cultural heritage and highlight its symbols, heroes and values in the steps of the present aAnd of the coming.
On the occasion of this birthday, all Moroccans should have the right to be proud of its national scope, its symbolism and its historical value and the service of the independence and territorial unity hence values of resistance, in order to anchor the unit which leaves the overall mobilization and close cohesion of the Moroccan people to draw and defend the sacredness of the nation and its national constants in a sustainable and persistent mobilization to counter the opponents maneuvers.